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Published on:January 2019
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2019; 53(1):48-53
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.53.1.7

Perception Towards the Standardization of Competency Assessment Tools Among Clinical Pharmacists in the Philippines

Authors and affiliation (s):

Erwin Martinez Faller1,4,*, Maria Theresa Hernandez2,4, Aaron Mark Hernandez3,4, Ashutosh Kumar Verma5

1School of Pharmacy, Management and Science University, Shah Alam, 40100, Selangor, MALAYSIA.

2Asian Brain Institute, Asian Hospital and Medical Center, PHILIPPINES.

3Patient Safety Department, The Medical City, Manila, PHILIPPINES.

4Clinical Pharmacy Support Group, Fr. Selga St., 8100, Davao City, PHILIPPINES.

5School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, MALAYSIA.


Background: Clinical Pharmacists are dependent on assessment tools to evaluate the competency skills of student interns. Aim: This study aims to examine the perception of Clinical Pharmacists towards the standardization of competency assessment tools in the Philippines. Methods and Material: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 115 clinical pharmacists from 5 urban areas using a 20-item selfadministered questionnaire through online survey. Results: Results showed that 25% of the preceptors had used assessment tools from their respective hospitals, whereas 62.5% used university rubrics. Respondents mentioned that students were assessed using Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) (69.2%), Clinical Presentations (74.4%), Oral Examinations (59%), Patient Management Problem (48.7%), Directly Observed Short and Long Cases (46.2%), Short Essay Questions (43.6%), OSCE (33.3%) and OSPE (10.3%). Respondents believed that actual competency assessment tools for student evaluation were necessary (89.7%), with actual clinical competencies clearly identified for proper assessment (87.2%) and engagement at first year level (71.8%) incorporated in the curriculum. The majority (94.7%) believed in the role of partnership between hospitals and universities in the assessment of students’ clinical skills. Most of respondents (81.6%) believed that competency guidelines for clinical pharmacists in the Philippines should be developed. Conclusion: The development and standardization of clinical competency assessments early in the clinical pharmacy curriculum is important in the students’ actual future clinical practice.

Key words: Competency assessment, Clinical pharmacy education, Perception, Standardization, Philippines.



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Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


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