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Published on:June 2018
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2018; 52(4):610-617
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.52.4.71

Antineoplastic Approach of Semecarpus anacardium Leaves Against N-Nitroso Diethylamine Initiated Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Authors and affiliation (s):

Sabita Upreti1, Rajendra SV1, Kuntal Das2, Arjan Aryal3

1Department of Pharmacology, Krupanidhi College of Pharmacy, Bangalore, INDIA.

2Department of Pharmacognosy, Krupanidhi College of Pharmacy, Bangalore, INDIA.

3Department of Pharmacy Practice, Krupanidhi College of Pharmacy, Bangalore, INDIA.


Objective: To evaluate the effect of MESA on NDEA induced hepatocellular carcinoma on Sprague Dawley rats. Methodology: Semecarpus anacardium commonly known as ‘marking nut tree’ is a rich antioxidant and in Ayurveda it has been used for treatment of various forms of cancer. Methanolic extract of leaves of Semecarpus anacardium (MESA) was studied for its potential antioxidant property both in vitro and in vivo. NDEA 200 mg/kg, single i.p was the hepatocarcinogen while 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg of MESA was administered daily orally for 12 weeks. Protective effect of MESA was evaluated by measuring biochemical parameters like SGOT, SGPT, ALP and LDH. Alpha fetoprotein test was performed and histopathology changes of livers were assessed. Results: Preliminary phytochemical study revealed the presence of flavonoids, tannins, steroids, alkaloids, glycosides and vitamin C. MESA restored the level of antioxidants near to normal and reduced the elevated serum level of SGOT, SGPT, AST, LDH and AFP. The histopathology changes i.e. necrosis, widened sinusoids, elevated inflammatory cell infiltrate were partly or fully prevented in animals treated with the extract. Conclusion: The result of the present study indicates MESA to be rich in antioxidants and its active constituents mediated the free radical scavenging activity. 400 mg/kg extract showed promising effect in management of primary liver cancer.

Key words: Semecarpus anacardium, Hepatocellular carcinoma, N-nitroso diethylamine, Alpha fetoprotein, Liver marker enzymes.



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Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


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