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Published on:August 2018
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2018; 52(4s):s119-s123
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.52.4s.86

An in vitro Study of Cytotoxic Activity of Euphorbia macroclada boiss on Mcf–7 Cells

Authors and affiliation (s):

Ayça Taş1, Serap Şahin-Bölükbaşı2, Esranur Çevik2, Esma Özmen3, Erkan Gümüş4, Yavuz Siliğ3*

1Department of Nutrition and Diet, Faculty of Health Sciences, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, TURKEY.

2Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, TURKEY.

3Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, TURKEY.

4Departments of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, TURKEY.


Objective: The study was aimed to evaluate the cytotoxic activity of acetone extract of leaves, flower and body of Euphorbia macroclada Boiss on human breast cancer cell line (MCF-7). Material: The cells were plated at a cell density of 1x105 cells in 96-well plates and grown with DMEM medium containing supplemented with 10% FBS and 1% penicillin. The cells were treated by different concentrations of acetone extract of Euphorbia macroclada Boiss (10–1000 μg/mL) during 24, 48 and 72 h. The cytotoxic activities of the tested compounds were determined by cell proliferation analysis using standard (3-(4,5- dimethylthiazol-2-yl)- 2,5- diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Results: After the evaluation of cytotoxicity assay results, it is determined that flower and body parts have a significant cytotoxic effect on MCF–7 breast cancer cell line. The values that obtained reading at 570 nm spectrophotometrically, were analyzed with GraphPad Prism7 and IC50 growth inhibition values was determined. Conclusion: The results of MTT assay showed that leaves, flower and body significantly reduced % cell viability comparative to the control. It was also shown that body had more growth inhibitory effect on MCF-7 cell compared to the leaves part.

Key words: Euphorbia macroclada boiss, Cytotoxic activity, MCF-7, Breast cancer.



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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
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Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


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