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Published on:March 2023
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2023; 57(2):526-530
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.57.2.64

Anti-mitotic Activities of Ethanolic Extract and Glutinol from Uvaria rufa Blume

Authors and affiliation (s):

Agnes B. Alimboyoguen1,*, Kathlia A. De Castro-Cruz2, Chien-Chang Shen3, Po-Wei Tsai4,*

1Research Center and Physical Science Department, College of Arts and Sciences, Cavite State University, Indang, Cavite, PHILIPPINES.

2School of Chemical, Biological and Materials Engineering, and Sciences, Mapúa University, Metro Manila, PHILIPPINES.

3National Research Institute of Chinese Medicine, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taipei, TAIWAN.

4Department of Medical Sciences Industry, Chang Jung Christian University, Tainan, TAIWAN.


Background: This study describes the isolation of major chemical constituent from the bark of Uvaria rufa Blume, commonly known as “allagat or susong kalabaw”, an indigenous Philippine medicinal plant that belongs to the family Annonaceae. It is a short climbing shrub that grows in low and medium-altitude forests in the country. Materials and Methods: The bark samples of U. rufa were air-dried for three months without exposure to sunlight. The samples were ground in a blender, then, soaked in CH2Cl2 and in ethanol for three days and then, filtered. The crude extract of U. rufa was chromatographed on a gravity column dry packed with silica gel and was fractionated by silica gel chromatography using increasing proportion of acetone in CH2Cl2 at 10% increment. The purified isolates were subjected to NMR for structure elucidation. Their structures were identified mainly by using 1H-NMR and by comparing current NMR data with those reported in the literature. Results: The results showed that the air-dried bark dichloromethane extract of the plant afforded glutinol. Glutinol and ethanolic extract exhibited anti-mitotic activity (18.33 % and 18.93 %, respectively), comparable to methotrexate (19.07 %), a well-known anti-cancer drug and even more potent in which they surpassed by 0.74 % and 0.14 %. Conclusion: The dichloromethane extract of the bark of U. rufa afforded glutinol that can be one the main metabolites responsible for the anti-mitotic activity of the plant. It may also contained other substances that might have great potential as novel therapeutic agents for cancer.

Keywords: Uvaria rufa, Allagat, Glutinol, Anti-mitotic, Triterpene.



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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


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