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Published on:5th Sept, 2014
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2014; 48(4):35-44
Pharmaceutical Research | doi:10.5530/ijper.48.4.6

Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Sulphoxide Prodrug of Famotidine

Authors and affiliation (s):

Surendran Vijayaraj*1, Bayupureddy Omshanthi2, Sriram Anitha2, Kokilam Perumal Sampath Kumar3

1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, NIMS University, Jaipur, Rajasthan 303121, India

2Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Sree Vidyanikethan College of Pharmacy, Tirupathi, Andhra Pradesh 517101, India

3Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Coimbatore Medical College, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641014, India.


Background of the work: Famotidine, a H2 receptor antagonist is the drug of choice to treat ulcers in stomach (gastric and duodenal), erosive esophagitis (heartburn or acid indigestion) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Drug molecules with limited aqueous solubility are becoming increasingly prevalent in the research and development portfolios of discovery focused pharmaceutical companies. Prodrugs are an established concept to overcome barriers like poor solubility to drug’s usefulness. Methods: As aqueous solubility is an important parameter to enhance the bioavailability of drug, novel sulphoxide prodrug of famotidine was synthesized. The synthesized prodrug was characterized by IR, NMR, Mass and DSC. Physicochemical characterization was done by partition coefficient and aqueous solubility studies. Chemical hydrolysis study was done in simulated gastric and intestinal fluids. Results and discussion: Decrease in Log P value, -0.74 of sulphoxide prodrug compared to -0.60 of famotidine, indicates the increase in hydrophilic property of synthesized sulphoxide derivatives of famotidine. Aqueous solubility increment of 6.7 fold was found in sulphoxide prodrug compared to famotidine. Invitro chemical hydrolysis profiles revealed that the synthesized sulphoxide derivatives of famotidine are chemically stable in Simulated Gastric fluid pH 1.2 and Simulated Intestinal Fluid pH 7.4. Conclusion: Hence the synthesized novel sulphoxide prodrug shown better aqueous solubility than existing drug and can be effectively used in therapy.

Key words: Famotidine, Sulphoxide prodrug, Characterization, aqueous solubility, Characterization, Chemical Hydrolysis, Log P.



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Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


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