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Published on:November 2021
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2021; 55(3s):S646-S651
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.55.3s.171

Titration of Antibodies and Application of the KAP Strategy for Hepatitis B in Students and Teachers


Authors and affiliation (s):

Nagaraja Sreeharsha1,2, Itzjak Kadar Epstein3, Syed Mohammed Basheeruddin Asdaq4,*, Abdulhakeem S. Alamri5,6, Walaa F. Alsanie5,6, Majid Alhomrani5,6

1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Clinical Pharmacy, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, SAUDI ARABIA.

2Department of Pharmaceutics, Vidya Siri College of Pharmacy, Off Sarjapura Road, Bangalore, Karnataka, INDIA.

3 P4 Consultant WHO and Epidemiologist at Regional Office Ministry of Health, COLOMBIA.

4Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, AlMaarefa University, Dariyah, Riyadh, SAUDI ARABIA.

5Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, The Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taif University, Taif, SAUDI ARABIA.

6Centre of Biomedical Sciences Research (CBSR), Deanship of Scientific Research, Taif University, Taif, SAUDI ARABIA.

Abstract:

Aim: Hepatitis B can be prevented through a complete vaccination scheme. In clinical practice, dentistry personnel is 6 times more likely to get this disease than people who perform other activities. To determine the level of protection and establish the degree of knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) against Hepatitis B in the students and clinical lecturers in a dental clinic. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study. For the KAP strategy, a structured survey was applied with 15 questions, and for the titration: antibody level, concentration according to five categories ranging from negative or very poor to highly positive. The analysis of blood samples is carried out using ELISA in an immunology and molecular biology laboratory. Results: 71% of people present concentrations equal to or greater than 20 mIU/ml. In the KAP strategy, the highest rating was in the practical compo-nent with 50.8%, followed by knowledge with 40%, an acceptable score, and attitudes 27.7% with an insufficient score. Within this survey, 38% of the participants know the routes of transmission for Hepatitis B, 51% present the complete vaccination scheme, and 75.4% report not having been involved in an accident with biological risk. Conclusion: KAP strategy, knowledge about Hepatitis B; was represented in the acceptable rating, insufficient attitudes, and outstanding practices

Key words: Hepatitis B, Antigen, Antibody, ELISA, Hemodialysis.

 




 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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