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Published on:JANUARY 2018
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2018; 52(1):166-180
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.52.1.19

Cultural Adaptation and Examination of Metric Characteristics Shirom-Melamed Burnout Questionnaire (SMBQ) On a Sample of Pharmacists in Serbia


Authors and affiliation (s):

Dragana Jocic1*, Nela Djonovic2, Dusanka Krajnovic3, Srdjan Stefanovic4, Svetlana Stojkov5, Sanja Kocic6

1BENU Pharmacy, Kumodraska 239, 11000 Belgrade, SERBIA.

2University of Kragujevac - Faculty of Medical Sciences, Department of Hygiene and ecology, Svetozara Markovića 69, Kragujevac, SERBIA.

3University of Belgrade - Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Social Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Legislation, Vojvode Stepe 450, Belgrade, SERBIA.

4University of Kragujevac - Faculty of Medical Sciences, Department of Pharmacy, Svetozara Markovića 69, Kragujevac, SERBIA.

5Pharmaceutical Chamber of Serbia, Mutapova 25, Belgrade, SERBIA.

6University of Kragujevac - Faculty of Medical Sciences, Department of social medicine, Svetozara Markovića 69, Kragujevac, SERBIA.

Abstract:

Introduction: Due to the nature of work in pharmacies pharmacists may occur job burnout, which can affect the quality of health services. It is necessary to use validated instruments to test the burnout. One type of instrument is Shirom-Melamed Burnout Questionnaire (SMBQ). Objective: The primary objectives of this work are: cultural adaptation and assessment metric characteristics of SMBQ in a population of pharmacists in Serbia. Alternative objective is evaluate the degree of burnout in the pharmacist population. Methods: For comparison Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was used. All licensed pharmacists have received an email by the Pharmaceutical Chamber of Serbia, with a link for accessing the questionnaires. The questionnaires were completed by 514 pharmacists. Results and Discussion: Professional translators carried out the translation using translation steps like forward translation and backward translation. Were calculated following metric characteristics: α - reliability coefficient Cronbach and associates; β - the reliability of the first principal component; ψ1 - representativeness; h1 - the homogeneity (the average correlation of scale items), extent of curvature, horizontal (Skewness) and vertical (Kurtosis). Correlations between subscales are examined. Latent structure SMBQ (maximumlikelihud extraction) is examined. To select a number of factors, the method of parallel analysis was used. For calculation number of latent factors the Hull method was applied. Concurrent validity was examined by correlating the results of the questionnaire SMBQ and MBI. To confirm a one factor solution of the scale, factor analysis was used. Conclusion: All methods show that it is best to keep only one factor. SMBQ satisfies theoretical statistical criteria of reliability and validity and can be used to estimate job burnout at pharmacist population.

Key words: Shirom-Melamed Burnout Questionnaire, Cultural Adaptation, Metric Characteristics. Job Burnout, Pharmacists, Serbia.

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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