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Published on:JANUARY 2018
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2018; 52(1):1-9
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.52.1.1

Revisiting Concepts, Attitudes and Expectations of Brazilian Pharmacists to the Practice of Pharmaceutical Care: A Qualitative Perspective


Authors and affiliation (s):

Claudia Fegadolli1*, Afonso Miguel Cavaco2, Débora Cristina Fonseca3

1Institute of Environmental, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences,– Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP),Av. Conceição, 329 - Centro, 09920-000, Diadema – SP, BRAZIL.

2Med.ULisboa, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Prof Gama Pinto, Lisbon, PORTUGAL.

3Institute of Biosciences, Estadual Paulista University Julio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP).Avenida 24 A,1515, Bela Vista - Rio Claro, SP, BRAZIL.

Abstract:

Background: Research has shown advancements in pharmaceutical care services to the population, with a change in practitioners’ professional behaviors. Objective: This study aimed to assess present attitudes, expectations and associated meanings facing these pharmacists’ extended role in primary care. Methods: The study followed a qualitative design. Data collection was carried out between 2011 and 2012, in two stages: the first used semi-structured individual interviews; the second one followed a focal group strategy. Data were gathered from purposively selected participants, i.e. pharmacists directly involved in primary care provision. A dialectical theoretical frame work in formed the data analysis. Results: Seven participants allowed reaching data saturation on their concrete conditions and their social and institutional interfaces with impact in experience and practice. It was possible to extract five meaningful dimensions: Pharmaceutical Care conceptualizations, the Pharmacist and its relationship with the health team, the Pharmacist and the management of services, the Professional daily work and training. Overall, these dimensions were didactically clear, but significantly intertwined: Discussion: Data have shown that Brazilian primary care pharmacists’ education and training in pharmaceutical care is not considered essential for present pharmacists’ practice, since caring for patients does not permeate daily routines. Conclusion: The deployment of pharmaceutical care remains as a management challenge within the Brazilian Unified Health System. Pharmaceutical care is not only dependent on a required training process, with refocused practice for each pharmacist, but also mediated by a significant change of profession meaning to society and self-accepted relevance of the pharmacist in the Brazilian primary care.

Key words: Pharmaceutical Services, Pharmaceutical Care, Primary Health Care, Qualitative Research, Brazil.

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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IJPER uses reference linking service using Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) by Crossref. Articles from the year 2013 are being assigned DOIs for its permanent URLs