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Published on:July 2017
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2017; 51(3s):s244-s248
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.51.3s.22

Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition Screening of Anacyclus pyrethrum Root


Authors and affiliation (s):

Kerem Canli1*, Ali Yetgin2, Ilgaz Akata3, Ergin Murat Altuner4

1Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, TURKEY

2Department of Biotechnology, Institute of Engineering and Science, Izmir Institute of Technology, Izmir, TURKEY

3Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ankara University, Ankara, TURKEY

4Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Arts, Kastamonu University, Kastamonu, TURKEY

Abstract:

Medical herbs have many bioactive component and they are used in microbial treatment since ancient times. The resistance of pathogens to antibiotics became a critical problem, so researches for novel antimicrobial agents are required. Anacyclus pyrethrum (pellitory, Spanish chamomile or Mount Atlas daisy) is commonly used as a traditional medicine, therefore the antimicrobial activity of the root of this medicinal plant was investigated against 17 bacteria and 1 fungi by using disk diffusion method. The test strains include Bacillus, Enterobacter, Enterococcus, Escherichia, Klebsiella, Listeria, Pseudomonas, Salmonella, Staphylococcus and Candida genera. Besides, chemical composition of this sample was determined by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy analysis. The results were presented that A. pyrethrum has antimicrobial activity against all tested microbial species except E. faecalis and S. typhimurium. Eighteen major chemical components were determined, but some composition of this sample is not match with library. For this reason, this medicinal plant contain unknown molecules and this molecules should be analysed NMR spectra for 3D structure determination and identification.

Key words: Anacyclus pyrethrum, Medicinal Plant, Antimicrobial Activity, Chemical Composition, Disk Diffusion Method, GC-MS.

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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IJPER uses reference linking service using Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) by Crossref. Articles from the year 2013 are being assigned DOIs for its permanent URLs