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Published on:June 2017
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2017; 51(3):472-479
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.51.3.75

GC-MS Analysis of Young Leaves of Allophylus cobbe (L.) Raeusch. and Allophylus serratus (Roxb.) Kurz.


Authors and affiliation (s):

Chavan Reshama Bharat and Gaikwad Dattatraya Krishna

Department of Botany, Shivaji University, Vidyanagar, Kolhapur, 416004, (MS) INDIA.

Abstract:

Background: Allophylus cobbe(L.) Raeusch. and Allophylus serratus (Roxb.)Kurz. (Sapindaceae) are medicinal plants traditionally used to cure bone fractures and other ailments in India. Objective: Present work was aimed at the identification of phytochemical compounds from young leaves of A. cobbe and A. serratus by applying gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Method: GC-MS technique was used for analysis of compounds. Results: It indicates 11 compounds from A. serratus and seven compounds from A. cobbe having mixture of terpenoids, alkanes and fatty acids. The major compounds found in A. cobbe were 1,1-diethoxy ethane (82.97%) (RT: 3.192min), phytol (7.07%) (RT: 43.690 min) and hexanoic acid (3.67%) (RT: 29.576 min) while in A. serratus 3-methyl butanol (53.16%) (RT: 3.223 min), 2-propenoic acid, 2-(dimethylamino) ethyl ester (27.08%) (RT: 13.94 min) and diisocytyl phthalate (4.49%) (RT: 52.584 min) were found in higher quantity. Phytol was detected from both species. Phytol possesses anti-radical, anti-cancer, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties as well as used in artificial synthesis of vitamin E and vitamin K in cosmetics and fragrance industry. Conclusion: The abundant presence of phytol in leaves of Allophylus species (7.07% in A. cobbe and 2.60% in A. serratus) suggests that these species may prove helpful in prevention of degenerative diseases and application of these herbs in cosmetics which may prove a cost effective natural alternative to current synthetic cosmetics. Presence of industrially important chemicals like phytol, 1,1-diethoxy ethane, hexanoic acid, diisocytyl phthalate, 2-propeonic acid, 2-(dimethylamino) ethyl ester underlines industrial importance of these species which needs further research on this aspect to focus in detail.

Key words: GC-MS Analysis, Allophylus Cobbe, Allophylus Serratus, Young Leaves, phytol, medicinal plants.

 

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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

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