Home | Articles
Published on:September 2021
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2021; 55(3s):xx-xx
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.55.3s.x

Mucoadhesive Microspheres of Atorvastatin Calcium: Rational Design, Evaluation and Enhancement of Bioavailability

Authors and affiliation (s):

Hitesh Kumar Dewangan1, Arpana Sharma2, Ankit Mishra2, Pradeep Singour2*

1Institute of Pharmaceutical Research (IPR), GLA University, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA.

2Faculty of Pharmacy, VNS Group of Institution, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, INDIA.


Background: Atorvastatin Calcium (ATC) used for lowering the cholesterol levels in body. It is competitive inhibitor of hydroxyl methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, followed mevalonate pathway, which have low bioavailability and poor solubility. Present work focus on development of mucoadhesive microspheres of atorvastatin calcium, for improve the delayed transit, continuous longer period release and preclinical pharmacokinetic estimation in rabbit. Materials and Methods: Microsphere was prepared by emulsification method in which the independent variables (like polymer amount) were studied on critical quality attributes like entrapment efficiency, percentage yield and in-vitro release. Microspheres were characterized in terms of physicochemical parameters, micromeritic properties, FT-IR, DSC and mucoadhesive wash-off test and further, evaluated for their pharmacokinetics study in rabbits. Results: The designed microsphere exhibited an average size with smooth surface, negative zeta potential, maximum entrapment efficiency and sustained release. Microspheres fulfil the micromeritic properties and showed no any interaction between drug and polymer, confirmed by FT-IR and DSC. The in-vivo study demonstrated that the prepared microspheres are effective for colon targeted drug delivery system at longer duration. In pharmacokinetics study, relatively steady plasma drug concentrations were observed within after oral administration of drug. The AUC0-24h for formulation were significantly higher than that of pure drug (p<0.05). Conclusion: The pre-clinical oral bioavailability study of drug was increased as the relative availability values were high compared with pure drug and it showed delayed transit for longer period of time.

Key words: Atorvastatin calcium, Mucoadhesive, Microspheres, Colon targeting, Bioavailability.



Impact Factor

IJPER - An Official Publication of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India is pleased to announce continued growth in the 2019 Release of Journal Citation Reports (source: 2018 Web of Science Data).


Impact Factor® as reported in the 2018 Journal Citation Reports® (Clarivate Analytics, 2019): 0.425

The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


IJPER uses reference linking service using Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) by Crossref. Articles from the year 2013 are being assigned DOIs for its permanent URLs