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Published on:March 2020
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 2020; 54(2):271-278
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijper.54.2.31

Students’ Perceptions about Social Constructivist Learning Environment in E-learning

Authors and affiliation (s):

Fahmeeda Adib Azhari1, Nurul Nashuha Jasmi1, Mohd Shahezwan Abd Wahab1,*, Suhaidah Mohd Jofrry1, Kah Seng Lee2, Long Chiau Ming3,4,*

1Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Cawangan Selangor, Kampus Puncak Alam, Bandar Puncak Alam, Selangor, MALAYSIA.

2Faculty of Pharmacy, Cyberjaya University College of Medical Sciences (CUCMS), Cyberjaya, Selangor, MALAYSIA.

3Pharmacy, School of Medicine, College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Hobart, AUSTRALIA.

4PAPRSB Institute of Health Sciences, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, BRUNEI.


Aim/Background: Pharmacy educators often incorporate electronic learning or e-learning to facilitate learning among pharmacy students. E-learning can be designed based on the Social Constructivism Theory (SCT). The learning outcomes of e-learning that is developed based on the SCT should be assessed continuously and they should include the evaluation of students’ perceptions on the Social Constructivist Learning Environment (SCLE) of their e-learning. The present study aims to investigate pharmacy students' expectations for their e-learning and evaluate the extent to which e-learning fulfils their expectations. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among the second- and third-year undergraduate pharmacy students in a Malaysian public university to assess the students’ perceptions on the SCLE of two e-learning components offered in two core courses: Principle of Pathology (PP) and Pharmaceutical Care (PC) using the Constructivist Online Learning Environment Survey (COLLES). Results: All students who were invited to participate in the study responded to the survey (response rate = 100%, n = 336). In general, students had positive but moderate expectations and satisfaction towards e-learning. Students mostly expected e-learning to be relevant to their professional practice. The second-year PP students were satisfied with their e-learning, but the third year PC students rated their experience to be lower than their expectations. Conclusion: As a conclusion, although e-learning that was developed based on the SCT can resulted in SCLE, the expectations of the third-year pharmacy students were harder to fulfil compared to their younger counterparts. This warrants innovation in e-learning content and processes for the third-year students.

Key words: Constructivist Online Learning Environment Survey, E-learning, Pathology, Pharmaceutical Care, Social Constructivist Learning Environment.



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The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (IJPER) [ISSN-0019-5464] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.


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